The universe as a quantum fluid: quantum gravity, hydrodynamics and cosmology

By Daniele Oriti

Appears in collection : 2023 - T1A - WS1 - Quantum gravity and random geometry

The hydrodynamics of quantum fluids can be mapped to relativistic cosmological dynamics, and both share the same conformal symmetries, which can be unraveled via geometric methods in superspace. This suggests a more general correspondence between hydrodynamics and cosmology, and a picture of the universe as a quantum gravity condensate. This picture is in fact realized also in some quantum gravity formalisms, like group field theory and lattice gravity, in which an emergent cosmological dynamics can be extracted from the quantum dynamics of fundamental quantum simplices in a condensate phase.

A key ingredient is the relational understanding of space and time, which makes superspace the natural arena for gravitational dynamics, as opposed to the "spacetime" manifold. These results suggest an exciting dialogue between quantum gravity, the theory of quantum fluids and cosmology, as well as a new direction for analogue gravity simulations in the lab.

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  • DOI 10.57987/IHP.2023.T1A.WS1.001
  • Cite this video Oriti Daniele (1/16/23). The universe as a quantum fluid: quantum gravity, hydrodynamics and cosmology. IHP. Audiovisual resource. DOI: 10.57987/IHP.2023.T1A.WS1.001
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  • Daniele Oriti / The universe as a quantum gravity condensate. arXiv:1612.09521
  • James E. Lidsey / Scalar Field Cosmologies Hidden Within the Nonlinear Schrodinger Equation. arXiv:1309.7181
  • Luca Marchetti, Daniele Oriti / Effective relational cosmological dynamics from Quantum Gravity. arXiv:2008.02774
  • Jibril Ben Achour, Etera R. Livine, Daniele Oriti, Goffredo Piani / Schrödinger symmetry in cosmology and black hole mechanics. arXiv:2207.07312

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